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高考考纲--英语
2016-8-15
来:未知
点击数:  980        作者:未知
  •  根据普通高等学校对新生文化素质的要求,参照教育部2000年颁发的《全日制高级中学英语教学大纲(考试修订版)》,连考虑中学教学实际,制订本学科考试内容。
     
    同、语言知识
     
    要求考生能够适当运用基本的语法知识(表现附录),控制2000左右的词汇及相关词组(表现《全日制高级中学英语教学大纲(考试修订版)》)
     
    第二、语言运用
     
          1.听力
     
    要求考生听懂有关日常生活中所熟悉话题的简单独白和对话。考生应能:
    (1)了解主旨要义;
    (2)取得事实性的实际信息;
    (3)针对所任内容作出简单推断;
    (4)了解说话者的意图、观或态度。
     
          2.阅读
     
    要求考生读懂公告、证明、广告和书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简单文章。考生应能:
    (1)了解主旨和中心;
    (2)了解文中具体信息;
    (3)根据上下文推断生词的词义;
    (4)作出简单判断和推理;
    (5)了解文章的中心结构;
    (6)了解作者的意图、观和态度。
     
          3.写作
     
    要求考生根据题示进行书面表达。考生应能:
    (1)准确使用语法和词汇;
    (2)使用一定的句型、词汇,了解、贯通地表达自己的意思。
     
    Ⅲ.考试形式和试卷结构
     
    1.答卷方式:闭卷、笔试。
    2.考试时:120分钟。试卷满分为150分。
    3.题型:试卷一般包括多项选择题、完形填空题、听力填空题、短文改错和书面表达等题型。
    4.试题难易比例:试卷包括容易题、中题和难题,因为中题为主。
     
    Ⅳ.题型示例
     
    同、多项选择题
     
    (同)考试听力
     
    M:Well, I wonder why the office is still not open .
    W:But it's not yet eight. In fact, it's only a quarter to eight.
    1.At what time does the office open ?
    A.7:45.       B.8:15.       C.8:00.
    M:It's Alice's birthday tomorrow.
    W:Are you sure ? I think it should be the day after tomorrow.
    M:Well, let me see. Oh, I'm sorry. You're right. It is the day after tomorrow. Shall we buy her a present?
    W:Yes, of course. Shall we give her some flowers?
    M:Flowers are lovely. But I think it's better to buy her a nice box of chocolates.
    W:Alice doesn't like sweet things. Didn't you know that?
    M:You're right. Er…I know. We can give her a record. She loves music.
    W:That's a good idea. Let's go to the music shop and choose one for her.
    2.When is Alice's birthday?
    A.The next day.    B.The day after next.    C.The day they had the talk.
    3.What will the man and the woman buy for Alice ?
    A.A record.      B.Some flowers.      C.A box of chocolates.
     
    (第二)考试语法和词汇知识
     
    1.Paul doesn't have to be made_______.He always works hard.
    A.study      B.to study      C.studied      D.studying
    2.I first met Lisa three years ago when we ______ at a radio station together.
    A.have worked   B.had been working  C.were working   D.had worked
    3.She thought I was talking about her daughter,_________,in fact, I was talking about my daughter.
    A.whom     B.where       C.which      D.while
    4.—When shall we meet again?
    —Make it ________ day you like; it's all the same to me.
    A.one       B.any        C.another      D.some
     
    (其三)考试阅读理解
     
    We walked in so quietly that the nurse at the desk didn't even lift here eyes from the book. Mum pointed at a big chair by the door and I knew she wanted me to sit down. While I watched, mouth open in surprise, Mum took off her hat and coat and gave them to me to hold. She walked quietly to the small room by the lift and took out a wet mop(拖把). She pushed the mop past the desk and as the nurse looked up, Mum nodded and said, "Very dirty floors."
    "Yes. I'm glad they've finally decided to clean them," the nurse answered. She looked at Mum strangely and said, "But aren't you working late?"
    Mum just pushed harder, each swipe(拖) of the mop taking her farther and farther down the hall. I watched until she was out of sight and the nurse had turned back to writing in the big book.
    After a long time Mum came back. Her eyes were shining. She quickly put the mop back and took my hand. As we turned to go out of the door, Mum nodded politely to the nurse and said, "Thank you."
    Outside, Mum told me, "Dagmar is fine. No fever."
    "You saw her, Mum?"
    "Of course. I told her about the hospital rules, and she will not expect us until tomorrow. Dad will stop worrying as well. It's a fine hospital. But such floors! A mop is no good. You need a brush."
    1.When she took a mop from the small room, what Mum really wanted to do was______.
    A.to clean the floor        B.to please the nurse
    C.to see a patient         D.to surprise the story-teller
    2.When the nurse talked to Mum, she thought Mum was a_______.
    A.nurse     B.visitor      C.patient       D.cleaner
    3.After reading the story what can we infer about the hospital?
    A.It is a children's hospital.  B.It has strict rules about visiting hours.
    C.The nurses and doctors there don't work hard.  D.A lot of patients come to this hospital every day.
    4.Why did Mum go to see Dagmar in the hospital?
    A.To give her some messages about Dad.  B.To make sure her room was clean.
    C.To check that she was still there.  D.To find out how she was.
    5.Which of the following words best describes Mum?
    A.polite     B.patient     C.changeable     D.clever
     
    第二、完形填空题
     
    Washoe is a young chimpanzee(黑猩猩). She is no(1)chimpanzee, though. Scientists are doing research(2)her. They want to see how civilized (驯化) she can(3). Already she can do many things a human being does.
    For example, she has been learning how to exchange(4)with people. The scientists are teaching her(5)language. When she wants to be picked(6), Washoe points up with one finger. She rubs her teeth with her finger(7)she wants to brush her teeth. This is done after every meal.
    Washoe has also been(8)to find answers to problems. Once she was put in a(9)with food hanging from the ceiling. It was too high to(10). After she considered the(11), she got a tall box to(12). The food was still too high to be reached. Washoe found a(13)pole. Then she climbed onto the(14), grasped(抓取)the pole, and(15)down the food with the pole.
    Washoe(16)like a human, too. The scientists keep her in a fully furnished house. After a hard(17)in the lab, she goes home.(18)she plays with her toys. She(19)enjoys watching television before going to bed.
    Scientists hope to(20)more about people by studying our closest relative-the chimpanzee.
    1.A.foolish   B.simple    C.special    D.ordinary
    2.A.for      B.on      C.to     D.by
    3.A.experience    B.change    C.develop   D.become
    4.A.actions      B.views   C.messages D.feelings
    5.A.human      B.sign       C.spoken    D.foreign
    6.A.out       B.at       C.on      D.up
    7.A.when      B.until      C.since    D.while
    8.A.trained      B.raised      C.ordered   D.led
    9.A.hole      B.zoo       C.room     D.museum
    10.A.pull    B.see   C.eat      D.reach
    11.A.problem    B.position    C.food    D.ceiling
    12.A.stand by    B.stand on   C.stand up   D.stand with
    13.A.straight   B.strong    C.long     D.heavy
    14.A.wall     B.box    C.ceiling   D.pole
    15.A.knocked    B.picked   C.took    D.pulled
    16.A.lives    B.works    C.thinks    D.plays
    17.A.task   B.lesson    C.time      D.day
    18.A.But     B.There    C.So      D.Besides
    19.A.quite     B.already   C.even      D.still
    20.A.see B.answer   C.learn    D.gain
     
    其三、听力填空题
     
    Man:…and lastly this week I have some information about a course at the Country College near Burnside, which might be of interest to someone wanting a late-season break, or to groups. They tell me they have spaces on their Country Sports courses the weekend after next. There are three courses that you might like to join: fishing, hill-walking, and rock-climbing. So, quite a lot of variety there. The fishing is open to anyone over the age of 12, and so is the hill-walking. For the rock-climbing you must be sixteen or older, for safety reasons. All these courses are really enjoyable. 
    BURNSIDE COUNTRY COLLEGE
    Country Sports Weekends
    COURSE
    AGE
    Fishing
    12+
    1.____________
    2.____________
    Rock-climbing
    16+
     
     
    四、短文改错题
     
    Today I visited the Smiths-my first time visit     1. _______
    to a American family. They live in a small        2. _______
    town. It was very kind for them to meet me       3. _______
    at the railway station and drove me to their home.   4. _______
    The Smiths did his best to make me feel         5. _______
    at home. They offered me coffee and other        6. _______
    drinks. We have a good time talking and laughing     7. _______
    together. They were eager know everything about     8. _______
    China and asked me lots of question. In fact,       9. _______
    they are planning to visit China in next year.      10. _______
     
    五、封面表达题
     
    如果你是李华。你和几只对象约定星期天在人民公园野餐。你们的英国朋友Peter 啊应邀出席。呼吁你因下面的示意图,被他写封短信,告诉他进公园后哪找到你们。

     
          注意:
    1.词数80~120;
    2.开始语既为你写好。 
    Dear Peter, June 1st
    We're so glad you're coming to join us on Sunday. Here is how you can find us.
    Li Hua
     
    附录 语法项目表
     
    1.词类
     
    1)名词 2)形容词 3)副词 4)动词 5)代词 6)冠词 7)数词 8)介词 9)连词 10)感叹词
     
    2.名词
     
    1)但是反复和不可反复名词   2)名词的复数形式   3)专有名词   4)所有格
     
    3.代词
     
    1)人称代词   2)主人代词   3)相反身代词   4)指示代词   5)乱代词   6)问题代词
     
    4.数词
     
    1)基数词    2)序数词
     
    5.介词
     
    6.连词
     
    7.形容词
     
    1)形容词作定语、表语和宾语补足语的用法 
    2)比等级:原级、比较级、******级
     
    8.副词
     
    1)时间、地点、办法、程度、问题、一连、涉及等副词的用法
    2)比等级:原级、比较级、******级
     
    9.冠词的相似用法
     
    10.动词
     
    1)动词的中心形式
     
    (1)现在式   (2)过去式   (3)过去分词   (4)-ing花样
     
    2)作为动词的和物性和没有物性
     
    3)连系动词be, get, look, seem, turn, grow, become相当
     
    4)助动词be, do, have, shall, will相当
     
    5)态度动词can, may, must, ought, need, dare相当
     
    6)动词的时态
     
    (1)一般现在时 (2)一般过去时 (3)一般将来时 (4)现在进行时 (5)过去进行时 (6)现在完成时 (7)过去完成时 (8)过去以来时
     
    7)动词的消极语态
     
    (1)一般现在时的消极语态 (2)一般过去时的消极语态 (3)一般将来时的消极语态 (4)现在进行时的消极语态 (5)现在完成时的消极语态 (6)带情态动词的消极语态
     
    8)动词的不定式
     
    (1)犯主语 (2)犯宾语 (3)犯宾语补足语 (4)犯状语 (5)犯定语 (6)犯表语 (7)所以在how, when, where, what,which, who, whether相当后面
     
    9)动词的过去分词
     
    (1)犯定语 (2)犯表语 (3)犯宾语补足语 (4)犯状语
     
    10)动词的-ing花样
     
    (1)犯主语 (2)犯宾语 (3)犯宾语补足语 (4)犯表语 (5)犯定语 (6)犯状语
     
    11.句子
     
    1)句子的种类
     
    (1)陈述句(自然式和否定式) (2)疑问句(一般疑问句、异常疑问句、选择疑问句、相反了疑问句) (3)祈使句 (4)感叹句
     
    2)句子的成分
     
    (1)主语 (2)谓语 (3)表语 (4)宾语 (5)直接宾语和间接宾语 (6)宾语补足语 (7)定语 (8)状语
     
    3)主谓的同关系
     
    4)简单句的五种基本句型
     
    5)并列句
     
    6)复合句
     
    (1)称词性从句 (2)状语从句 (3)定语从句
     
    7)倒装句
     
    8)省略句
     
    12.构词法
     
    1)合成法blackboard, man-made, overthrow, however, everyone
     
    2)转换法hand(n.)-hand(v.), break(v.)-break(n.) empty(adj.)-empty(v.)
     
    3)派生法
     
    (1)加前缀:dis-, in-, re-, un-, non-
    (2)加后缀:-able, -al, -an, -ful, -ive, -er, -ese, -st, -ment, -ness, -tion, -fy, -ian, -ing, -is(z)e, -ly, -teen, -ty, -th, -y
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